Current view of migrations in Latin America

Alejandro I. Canales, Universidad de Guadalajara

This paper offers a panorama of international migration in Latin America. The first section analyses the characteristics of Latin American migration, compared to other international migratory fluxes. We provide information about the three main migratory fluxes: the traditional migration towards the United States, the emergent migration to Europe (mainly to Spain) and to Japan, and new dynamics of migration inside the region. In the second section we turn back to the analysis of the relationship between migration and development, in order to study two relevant phenomena: • the role of international migration in receiving countries and the role of Latin American migration in sending regions We conclude with a general reflection on the new era of international migration in the contemporary globalised world, and the role of Latin American migration in this world context from the viewpoint of sending countries and regions.

Presented in Session 143: Demographic transformations, convergences and inequalities in Latin America: what the future holds? (Latin American Population Association)