Estimating carbon and methane footprints from demographic and health survey data

Shea Rutstein, Macro International Inc.

This document explores the use of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to estimate carbon and methane footprints. Greenhouse gases of carbon dioxide and methane are considered to be prime contributors to global climate change. Using information collected in the household interview section of the DHS, estimates of carbon and methane footprints of families can be estimated through questions about cooking fuels, lighting fuels, possession of vehicles, types of agriculture and possession of farm animals. The DHS information is combined with emission data from other sources to calculate per family, per capita, and total carbon and methane footprints, by type of area, region, and level of economic status. This kind of information will assist national and global planners in estimating the impact of programs and policies designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Presented in Session 162: Population pressure, resource use and environmental degradation